By Mariamah Achmad, GPOCP Environmental Education Manager
One exciting new development in our conservation program this year is the addition of “Environmental Education Expeditions” to our repertoire of activities. These expeditions are designed to target remote communities around Gunung Palung National Park that also have relatively high rates of wildlife crime, and are part of our efforts to target audiences that we have never before reached through our Environmental Education program. Last month, GPOCP”s Environmental Education team went on an expedition to Nanga Tayap county in Ketapang regency, more specifically two villages called Batu Mas and Kayong Utara. These villages lie on the south-eastern side of GPNP. The expedition lasted for about five days, during which time our team held eight activities: two orangutan-themed puppet shows in elementary schools, two in-class lectures about orangutan behavior and ecology in junior high schools, two community discussions with local adults, and two evenings of mobile cinema, during which we showed conservation-themed films. Our main goal was to encourage people to care about the biodiversity of Gunung Palung, especially orangutans, and to teach them about the importance of intact rainforests.
The experiences in each village were very different from each other. Batu Mas village used to be close to the forest, but now is quite far away because there are two oil palm plantation companies in the vicinity, P.T. BGA and P.T. LHP. The students who attended our activities in this village do not know much about wildlife and none of them had ever seen an orangutan. The adults in the communities also said that nowadays they rarely see orangutans in the surrounding area. They told us that they really missed the forest, because they no longer have a natural source of fruits and vegetables and the weather in the village feels much hotter and drier.
Kayong Utara village, on the other hand, is located in the middle of intact forest. This Dyak village is one of the more isolated villages in Ketapang district, and they are too remote to be on the region”s electric grid, so every night from 6-10 pm the entire community gets their electricity from the village”s generator. This power system is largely independently financed by residents, with donations of diesel fuel from a nearby logging company (P.T. SJM). The village also borders P.T. BGA, the same palm oil company from Batu Mas. All things considered, the forest in this village is still in good condition. One local livelihood is harvesting honey from the hives of honey bees that inhabit the forest, which is a sustainable source of income that doesn”t harm the environment. Here we found that the students” knowledge about orangutans was better than in Batu Mas.